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Virginia Standards of Learning
The museum provides educational opportunities that support several of the history and social science Standards of Learning:

Kindergarten:   Introduction to History and the Social Sciences

  K.1 The student will understand that history relates to events and people of other times and places by:
  • Identifying examples of past events in legends and historical accounts.
  • Identifying examples of interesting Americans through exposure to biographies of important people of the past.
  K.5 The student will match simple descriptions of work that people do and the names of those jobs with examples from the local community and historical accounts.

Grade 1:   Introduction to History and the Social Sciences

  1.1 The student will compare everyday life in different places and times and recognize that people, places, and things change over time through such comparisons as:
  • Current school and community with past school and community.
  • Contemporary life with American life in previous time periods.
  1.7 The student will describe how climate, location, and physical surroundings affect the way people live, including their food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and recreation.
  1.8 The student will use maps, pictures, and stories to compare the geography of the local community with that of other communities in Virginia, the United States, and the world.

Grade 2:   Introduction to History and the Social Sciences


The student will compare rural, urban, and suburban communities and describe how the local community has changed physically and demographically over time.

  2.10 The student will identify examples of the extension of the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship in American history and identify the contributions of individuals and groups.

Grade 3:   Introduction to History and the Social Sciences

  3.3 The student will describe the settlement of Jamestown and the Virginia colony, with emphasis on economic and other reasons that brought settlers to Virginia, the establishment of representative government, the economy, settlers' interactions with American Indians, and the introduction of slavery into Virginia.
  3.7 The student will describe the impact of changing modes of transportation and communication on the distribution of goods and services.

Grade 4:   Virginia Studies, 1607 to Present

  4.1 The student will explain the impact of geographic factors in the expansion and development of Virginia, with emphasis on:
  • The location of American Indians, various European settlers, and African slaves.
  • The location and growth of cities in relation to the Atlantic Ocean, the Chesapeake Bay, major rivers, the fall line/fall zone, and the Shenandoah Valley.
  4.2 The student will use the concepts of absolute location (e.g., using grid systems) and relative location (e.g., direction, reference to neighboring states, and water features) to:
  • Explain how physical characteristics, transportation routes, climate, and specialization influenced the variety of crops, products, and industries and the general patterns of economic growth in Virginia.
  • Illustrate how communities in Virginia differ in physical features, such as land use, population density, architecture, services, and transportation.
  4.3 The student will explain the economic, social, and political life of the Virginia colony, with emphasis on:
  • Characteristics and contributions of various groups of people.
  • The role of money, banking, saving, and credit in colonial Virginia.
  • Reasons for, and Virginia's role in, the American Revolution.
  • The backgrounds, motivations, and contributions of George Washington, George Wythe, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Patrick Henry, and other prominent Virginians in the Revolutionary era.
  4.7 The student will develop historical analysis skills including:
  • Identifying, analyzing, and making generalizations about the life in Virginia history using primary sources including artifacts, diaries, letters, photographs, art, documents, and newspapers.
  • Distinguishing fact from fiction by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictionalized characters and events.
  • Summarizing and sequencing major events in Virginia history from 1607 to the present and locating significant places and events on a map.

Grade 5:   United States History to 1877

  5.3 The student will describe colonial America, with emphasis on:
  • Geographic, political, economic, and social contrasts in the three regions of New England, the mid-Atlantic, and the South.
  • Life in the colonies in the 18th century from the perspective of large landowners, farmers, artisans, women, and slaves.
  • Life in the colonies in the 18th century from the perspective of large landowners, farmers, artisans, women, and slaves.
  5.6 The student will describe growth and change in America in 1801 to 1861, with emphasis on:
  • How the effects of geography, climate, canals and river systems, economic incentives, and frontier spirit influenced the distribution and movement of people, goods, and services.
  • The impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, McCormick reaper, steamboat, and steam locomotive on life in America.
  5.7 The student will identify causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, with emphasis on:
  • Life on the battlefield and on the home front.
  • Basic provisions and postwar impact of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution.
  • The impact of Reconstruction policies on the South.
  5.9 The student will develop skills for historical analysis, including the ability to identify, analyze, and interpret primary sources (artifacts, diaries, letters, photographs, art, documents, and newspapers) and contemporary media (television, movies, and computer information systems) to better understand events and life in United States history to 1877.

Grade 6:   United States History, 1877 to Present

  6.2 The student will analyze and explain Americans' responses to industrialization and urbanization, with emphasis on:
  • Political changes at the local, state, and national levels.
  • Improvements in standards of living, life expectancy, and living conditions.
  6.4 The student will describe the ideas and events of the 1920s and 1930s, with emphasis on:
  • Music, dance, and entertainment.
  • The impact of the automobile.
  • Urban and rural electrification.
  6.4 The student will develop skills for historical analysis, including the ability to:
  • Identify, analyze, and interpret primary sources (artifacts, diaries, letters, phonographs, art, documents, and newspapers) and contemporary media (computer information systems) to make generalizations about events and life in United States history since 1877.
  • Distinguish fact from fiction by examining documentary sources.

Grade 9:   World History, 1000 A.D. to Present

  9.7 The student will analyze the scientific, political, and economic changes of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, in terms of how technological changes brought about social, political, and cultural changes in Europe, Asia, and the Americas.
  9.9 The student will analyze and explain the effects of the Industrial Revolution, in terms of:
  • How scientific and technological changes brought about massive social and cultural change.
  • How the status of women and children reflected changes in society.
  • The evolution of work and labor, including the slave trade, mining and manufacturing, and the union movement.
  9.11 The student will demonstrate skills in historical research and geographical analysis by:
  • Identifying, analyzing, and interpreting primary and secondary sources and artifacts.
  • Validating sources as to their authenticity, authority, credibility, and possible bias.

Grade 10:   World Geography

  10.2 The student will analyze how selected physical and ecological processes shape the Earth's surface, in terms of:
  • How humans influence and are influenced by the environment.
  • How people's ideas and relationship to the environment change over time, particularly in response to new technologies.
  10.3 The student will explain how:
  • Regional landscapes reflect the cultural characteristics of their inhabitants as well as historical events.
  • Technological advances have led to increasing interaction among regions.
  10.15 The student will apply geography to interpret the past, understand the present, and plan for the future by:
  • Using a variety of maps, charts, and documents to explain historical migration of people, expansion, and disintegration of empires, and the growth of economic systems.
  • Relating current events to the physical and human characteristics of places and regions.

Grade 11:   United States History

  11.2 The student will compare the colonization of Virginia with that of other American colonies, in terms of:
  • Economic activity.
  • Political development.
  • Social customs, the arts, and religious beliefs
  11.8 The student will summarize causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution, with emphasis on:
  • New inventions and industrial production materials.
  • New technologies in transportation and communication.
  • The impact of industrialization, urbanization, and immigration on American society.
  11.10 The student will analyze and explain the Great Depression, with emphasis on:
  • Causes and effects of changes in business cycles.
  • The impact of the Depression on the American people.
  • The impact of New Deal economic policies.
  11.17 The student will develop skills for historical analysis, including the ability to:
  • Analyze documents, records, and data (such as artifacts, diaries, letters, photographs, journals, newspapers, historical accounts, etc.).
  • Evaluate the authenticity, authority, and credibility of sources.
  • Formulate historical questions and defend findings based on inquiry and interpretation.
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